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Surrogacy and Miscarriage

Recurrent miscarriage, also known as recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), is defined as the occurrence of two or more consecutive pregnancy losses before 20 weeks of gestation. This can be a challenging and emotionally distressing experience for individuals or couples hoping to have a child.

Individuals or couples with a history of miscarriages sometimes turn to surrogacy to start or complete their families.

Recurrent Pregnancy Loss: Common Causes

Genetic Factors: Chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus can be a common cause of early miscarriages.

Structural Abnormalities: Issues with the uterus or cervix, such as fibroids or a weakened cervix, can contribute to recurrent miscarriages.

Hormonal Imbalances: Problems with hormones, particularly progesterone and estrogen, can affect the ability to maintain a pregnancy.

Immune System Disorders: Some autoimmune disorders increase the risk of recurrent miscarriages.

Blood Clotting Disorders: Conditions that affect blood clotting, such as antiphospholipid syndrome, can contribute to miscarriages.

Emotional Impact

Recurrent miscarriages can be emotionally devastating, leading to feelings of grief, loss, frustration, and even guilt. The emotional strain may also affect relationships, as couples cope with the challenges and uncertainties of repeated pregnancy loss.

Medical Evaluation and Treatment

Individuals or couples experiencing recurrent miscarriages are typically advised to undergo a thorough medical evaluation to identify potential underlying causes, some of which may be treatable. Treatment options may include addressing specific medical conditions, such as hormonal imbalances or structural abnormalities, and sometimes assisted reproductive technologies (ART) like in vitro fertilization (IVF) or preimplantation genetic testing (PGT). Surrogacy is another option for couples who have experienced recurrent pregnancy losses.

Seeking care from healthcare professionals specializing in reproductive medicine can offer personalized guidance and support.

It’s important for individuals or couples facing recurrent miscarriages to consult with healthcare providers who can conduct a thorough evaluation and develop a personalized treatment plan based on their specific circumstances. The emotional toll of recurrent miscarriages should not be underestimated, and seeking support from healthcare professionals, counselors, and support groups can be crucial for coping with the challenges associated with this experience. It may be appropriate to discuss surrogacy as an option.  



When it might be appropriate to turn to surrogacy for recurrent miscarriages

Medical Reasons:

 Some individuals may experience recurrent miscarriages due to underlying medical conditions or genetic factors that make it difficult for them to carry a pregnancy to term. Surrogacy provides an alternative way to have a biological child without risking another miscarriage.

Women with certain uterine abnormalities or medical conditions that affect the uterus may find it challenging to carry a pregnancy successfully. In such cases, surrogacy allows them to use the services of a woman with a healthy uterus to carry the baby to term.

If a woman has serious health issues that make pregnancy risky for her, surrogacy can be a safer option. This could include conditions such as heart problems, diabetes, or other health issues that might compromise the well-being of the mother or the baby.

Emotional and Psychological Factors:

Experiencing multiple miscarriages can be emotionally devastating. Some individuals or couples may turn to surrogacy to avoid the potential emotional trauma associated with another unsuccessful pregnancy.

Previous Failed IVF Attempts:

Individuals or couples who have undergone multiple unsuccessful in vitro fertilization (IVF) attempts may consider surrogacy as an alternative route to parenthood.

Age-Related Challenges:

As women age, the risk of miscarriage increases. Some individuals may opt for surrogacy if they are of advanced maternal age and face challenges in carrying a pregnancy to term.

Desire for a Biological Child:

Some individuals or couples may have a strong desire for a biological connection to their child. Surrogacy allows them to contribute their own genetic material (sperm or egg) while using the services of a surrogate to carry the pregnancy.

It’s important to note that the decision to pursue surrogacy is highly personal and can be influenced by a combination of medical, emotional, and practical considerations. Consulting with fertility specialists, counselors, and legal professionals can help individuals or couples make informed decisions based on their unique circumstances.

If you’ve had recurrent pregnancy losses and are considering surrogacy, it’s crucial to have open and thorough discussions with your healthcare provider.

Here are some questions you may want to ask your doctor about surrogacy:

**What could be the underlying causes of my recurrent pregnancy losses?

Can you conduct a comprehensive evaluation to determine if there are specific medical issues contributing to the miscarriages?

Are there any potential treatments or interventions that could improve the likelihood of a successful pregnancy in my case?

**Do you think surrogacy is a viable option for me given my medical history?

Are there any specific concerns or risks associated with surrogacy in my situation?

What medical criteria should I meet to ensure a safe surrogacy process?

**What are the success rates of surrogacy at your clinic?

What should I realistically expect throughout the surrogacy journey, including potential challenges and positive outcomes? Will I need to use an egg, sperm, or embryo donor?

**What are the expected medical costs associated with surrogacy at your clinic?

Most doctors can tell you how much you can expect to pay for assisted reproduction involving surrogacy at their clinic.

Remember that these questions are a starting point, and your doctor can provide personalized guidance based on your specific medical history and circumstances. Open communication with your healthcare provider is crucial to making informed decisions about the surrogacy process. Additionally, you may also want to consult with reproductive specialists and legal professionals who specialize in surrogacy to ensure a comprehensive understanding of the process.

Miscarriages as a Disqualifier to Becoming a Surrogate

Medical professionals have specific eligibility criteria for women who wish to become surrogates, and recurrent miscarriages is often a factor that leads to disqualification. Here are some reasons why recurrent miscarriages are generally a disqualifier for a woman who wants to be a surrogate:

Risk to Intended Parents:

Recurrent miscarriages may indicate underlying medical issues that could increase the risk of pregnancy complications. Surrogacy arrangements are about ensuring the best chance of a successful pregnancy.

Medical Concerns for the Surrogate:

A history of recurrent miscarriages raises concerns about the surrogate’s own reproductive health and ability to carry a pregnancy successfully. Fertility clinics should prioritize the well-being of the surrogate to avoid potential complications by carefully screening potential surrogates with a detailed medical evaluation.

Increased Risk of Future Miscarriages:

Recurrent miscarriages could suggest a higher likelihood of miscarriage in future pregnancies. Surrogacy is about reducing risks for the surrogate and providing Intended Parents with the best possible chance of a successful pregnancy and childbirth.

Emotional Impact on the Surrogate:

The emotional toll of recurrent miscarriages can be significant, and surrogacy agencies may be concerned about the potential emotional strain on the surrogate. The process of surrogacy requires a strong emotional commitment, and agencies want to ensure that surrogates can navigate the experience with resilience and stability.

Ensuring a Successful Surrogacy Journey:

Surrogacy is a complex process, proper vetting leads to surrogates who have the best chance of successfully carrying a pregnancy to term. By screening out candidates with a history of recurrent miscarriages, fertility clinics and Intended Parents aim to enhance the overall success rate of a surrogacy arrangement.

It’s important to note that surrogacy medical professionals evaluate candidates based on a range of factors, and each case is unique. The intention is not to stigmatize individuals with a history of recurrent miscarriages, but rather to ensure the best possible outcome for all parties involved in the surrogacy arrangement. Candidates who are interested in becoming surrogates typically undergo a thorough medical and psychological screening process to assess their suitability for the role.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Recurrent Miscarriages and Surrogacy

What is recurrent miscarriage?

Recurrent miscarriage, or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), is defined as the occurrence of two or more consecutive pregnancy losses before 20 weeks of gestation.

How common is recurrent miscarriage?

Recurrent miscarriage occurs in about 1-2% of couples trying to conceive.

What are the common causes of recurrent pregnancy loss?

Common causes include genetic factors, structural abnormalities in the uterus or cervix, hormonal imbalances, immune system disorders, and blood clotting disorders.

How are recurrent miscarriages diagnosed and treated?

Individuals or couples experiencing recurrent miscarriages are advised to undergo a thorough medical evaluation. Treatment options may include addressing specific medical conditions, hormonal imbalances, or structural abnormalities. Assisted reproductive technologies (ART), including surrogacy, may be recommended.

When should surrogacy be considered?

Surrogacy can be a practical solution for individuals or couples who have faced repeated miscarriages due to underlying medical conditions, uterine abnormalities, or genetic factors. It allows them to bypass the risks associated with carrying a pregnancy while still fulfilling their desire to have a biological child.

Surrogacy can offer a safer alternative in situations where maternal health concerns or serious medical conditions make pregnancy risky for the Intended Parent. This is particularly relevant for individuals with conditions such as heart problems or diabetes, where the well-being of both the mother and the potential child is a primary consideration. By choosing surrogacy, individuals can ensure a more controlled and monitored environment for gestation, increasing the chances of a successful and healthy pregnancy.

Surrogacy can also provide a pathway for emotional healing and resilience. Recurrent pregnancy losses often come with a profound emotional toll, leading to grief, frustration, and guilt. Turning to surrogacy allows individuals or couples to distance themselves from the potential trauma associated with another unsuccessful pregnancy, offering a renewed sense of hope and optimism. It offers the chance to build a family while minimizing the emotional strain on those who have endured the heartbreak of recurrent miscarriages. Ultimately, considering surrogacy after recurrent pregnancy losses is a decision rooted in the pursuit of a safer, more emotionally sustainable path to parenthood.


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Bridget Myers

Bridget Myers grew up in small town in Maryland. She started her career as a substitute teacher before meeting the love of her life and moving to the suburbs of Chicago. She has a passion for dogs and painting. Bridget got involved in Surrogacy Place after researching surrogacy for her best friend. Since joining the team at Surrogacy Place, she has developed a passion for advocating on behalf of Intended Parents and surrogates and doing her part for meaningful reform in the industry.